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《Fine Chemicals》 2004-08
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Preparation and Surface Tension of Lignin Quaternary Ammonium Salt

LIU Zu-guang,WANG Di-zhen~* (College of Material Science and Engineering,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510640,Guangdong,China)  
Firstly,the intermediate epoxypropyl-triethylammonium chloride(Ⅰ) was synthesized by reaction of epichlorohydrin and triethylamine in mole ratio 1∶(1~1 .1) at 45~50 ℃ for 3 h.Then,lignin quaternary ammonium salt was made by reaction of Ⅰand lignin in mole ratio 1∶(0 .6~0 .8) at 50~55 ℃ and pH10 .5 for 2 h.Measurements of surface tension of the lignin quaternary ammonium salts solutions showed that there were little difference among lignin quaternary ammonium salts having various graft ratios.The lowest surface tension was about 40 mN/m.
【CateGory Index】: TQ423.92
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