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《Technoeconomics & Management Research》 2010-05
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Development of Diversified Organizations of Agricultural Extension in China

GAO Qi-jie(College of Humanities and Development Studies,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China)  
After 30 years of reform and explore,diversified organizations of agricultural extension have been formed in China.Currently the most influential agricultural extension organizations are mainly 5 types,namely,administrative-type agricultural extension organizations,education-based agricultural extension organizations,research-based agricultural extension organizations,business organizations of agricultural extension,and self-help type of agricultural extension organizations.In this paper,the characteristics of the wide range of organizations are discussed,and suggestions are proposed for optimization of internal organizational structure.Administrative-type agricultural extension organizations should reform and improve basic-level agricultural extension system,and strengthen the division of labor and cooperation within the system through institutional innovation to improve efficiency of resource allocation;Education-based agricultural extension organizations should deepen S T management system reform,and innovate the operational mechanisms of extension;Research-based agricultural extension organization should change and optimize departments and units settings,and innovate management system and regulations;Business-type agricultural extension organizations should focus on technological innovation and institutional innovation,establish the risk prevention mechanism,and strengthen the social responsibility of agricultural enterprises;Self-help agricultural extension organizations should strengthen organizational management,improve the organizational structure and system,and better the ways and means to improve extension services.
【Fund】: 国家软科学研究计划项目(2003DGQ3B162);; 中国农业大学“985工程”中国农村政策研究哲学社会科学创新基地子项目“农业推广组织创新研究”的部分成果
【CateGory Index】: F323.3
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