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《Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis》 2008-02
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Factor and Cluster Analysis on Japonica Rice Quality of Yunnan Plateau

ZHU Zhen-hua,JIANG Zhi-nong,ZHAO Guo-zhen,SU Zhen-xi(The Center of Japonica Rice Breeding,Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205,China)  
By the method of principal component and cluster analysis,total of 41 Japonica rice cultivars from Yunnan provincial Japonica rice region were analyzed with data from 12 grain quality traits,in order to provide the theoretical basis for improving grain quality and breeding fine Japonica rice varieties of Yunnan Plateau.The results indicated that there existed complex relationship among quality traits.During 6 principal component factors affecting grain quality selected,the cumulative contribution rate of chalky factor,grain shape factor and milling quality factor to grain quality was 72.51%.The 41 cultivars were clustered into 6 groups,showing near genetic distance and narrow genetic basis among most of cultivars.Thus,it suggested that chalky factor,grain shape factor and milling quality should be particularly considered in breeding grain quality,broadening genetic background of Yunnan rice,and improving breeding efficiency.
【Fund】: 云南省“十一五”科技重点攻关项目(2006NG04)
【CateGory Index】: S511.22
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