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《Health Education and Health Promotion》 2010-04
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Investigation on the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in 2009, Malu Town

Zhu Li-fang1, Lu Yan-qing1, Lu Ying1, Shao Yue-qin2, Wu Bin1, Mao Xian-feng1, Xiang Fang2, Zhang Yi-ying2. 1.Malu Town Community Health Service Center, Shanghai, 201080, China; 2.Jiading District Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai,201080, China  
Objective To investigate the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among inhabitants in Malu Town. Methods Questionnaire survey, physical examination, and laboratory testing were conducted among 1 145 urban inhabitants aged 35-74 in Malu town selected by multistage cluster random sampling. The data about the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose regulation was collected and analyzed. Results The respondent rate of type 2 diabetes were 12.1%, 15.4% for male, and 9.5% for female. The incidences of type 2 diabetes for the 35-44 aged group, the 45-54 aged group, and the 65-74 aged group were 6.0%, 9.9%, 15.7% and 18.5% respectively. The incidences of type 2 diabetes were 11.2%, 14.1%, 18.7% and 18.1% respectively for different aged groups of male, and1.5%, 6.7%, 13.5% and 18.9% respectively for different aged groups of female. The incidences of type 2 diabetes were 14.7% and 18.1% respectively for those of overweight and those of obesity, which was 8.5% significantly higher than normal. Newly diagnosed people of type 2 diabetes was 54.0%, 46% higher than the patients diagnosed. Conclusion In communities, the incidence of diabetes is on the rise. The incidence of diabetes among obesity and overweight population was significantly higher than that in the normal population. Health education on diabetes knowledge for residents needs to be strengthened to improve the rate of active treatment.
【CateGory Index】: R587.1
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