Curriculum Outlook from Structuralism to Constructivism & Its Revelation
JIN Ying1,ZHOU Zhi-hua2(1.Chemical &Life Science College of Tianjin Normal University;2.Chemical &Environmental Science College of Nanjing Normal University)
Although the educational theories of structuralism and constructivism have their own emphasis, they are related and can't be separated. Curriculum and educational outlook should also be unified into subject structure, namely the basic notions of subjects and the knowledge structure which is a formalized system suitable for the notions. The knowledge structure is a surface structure and has a spire-increase as students grow up. The basic notions is a steady deep structure with scientific way and process as its core and is the basis of knowledge-structure organization and transformation. Constructive teaching should consist of both common characteristics of structure and individual character of construction. The subject essence can be understood and the subject quality can be developed by comprehending profound structure of subjects.