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《Educational Research》 2003-11
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Transition of Medieval Universities towards Modern Universities

He Guoqing  
The Renaissance and religious reform used to hav e the following influences on traditional universities: the dominant scholastic co urses offered at universities in the Middle Ages were shocked; the popularizatio n process of universities was accelerated; universities were transformed from in ternational institutions into national institutions and the academic freedom beg an to appear. The evolution history of European universities in the Middle Ages indicates that the embryonic form of modern university began to appear dur ing the period of the Renaissance and religious reform, though the reform of uni versities was finally completed at the beginning of the 19th century.
【CateGory Index】: G649.5
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 HU Cheng-gong(Research Center of Higher Education,Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023,China);The Evolution and Enlightenment of the University Academic Organizational Structure in Five Western Countries[J];Journal of Northeast Normal University;2005-05
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XIAO Zheng-de;The Review of Research on Cultures of Teaching Abroad and its Enlightenment[J];Comparative Education Review;2007-08
2 XIANG Xian-ming(Centre of Comparative Education,BNU,Beijing 100875,China);National Development from the Classroom:Education power in national development in modern history[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Sciences);2006-03
3 LI Zhi-feng(Institute of Higher Education Research Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan 430070,China);On the Academic Research Form and Characteristics of Mediaeval Universities in Europe[J];Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing(Social Sciences Edition);2006-03
4 HU Cheng-gong(Research Center of Higher Education,Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023,China);The Evolution and Enlightenment of the University Academic Organizational Structure in Five Western Countries[J];Journal of Northeast Normal University;2005-05
5 XIONG Huajun(Huazhong University of Science & Technology Wuhan 430074);A Review of the Teaching Idea of the University of Humboldt[J];Higher Education(Research & Evaluation);2008-01
6 HUANG Shan XUN Yuan (East China Normal University Shanghai 200062);Analysis of the Relationship between Reforms of the Idea of University and the Development of Credit System[J];Higher Education(Research & Evaluation);2008-06
7 MAO Ping(Politics and Law Department, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China);The Evolution of Western Educational Idea[J];Journal of Foshan University (Social Science);2003-03
8 Pang Qing - shan Xue Tian - xiang;History and Characteristics of the University Disciplinary Structure[J];;2005-05
9 LUO Si-ming(School of Education,Huazhong University of Science & Technology,Wuhan 430074,China);The Way to Great Power in Higher Education:German Experiences and Its Implication[J];Journal of Gannan Normal University;2009-02
10 LI Dong-sheng(The Institute for the History of Natural Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100010,China);Trilogy of The Rise of Research University in Germany——historical exploration from Halle,Gottingen to Berlin university[J];Journal of Guangxi University for Nationalities(Natural Science Edition);2008-02
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Lang Yi-fu,Liu Xi-song (Harbin Radio and TV University,Harbin150001,China; Harbin Engineeri ng University,Harbin150001,China);An International Comparison of College Governing Structure and its Enlightenment[J];The Northern Forum;2002-01
2 Wang Yingjie;On Conservatism of the University ——A Cultural Tradition of Yale University[J];Comparative Education Review;2003-03
3 Jianxin Zhang;Students?International Movement in the Universities and Colleges in the United Kingdom[J];Comparative Education Review;2003-05
4 Xu Hui;Evolution of Teaching Staff Management in Overseas Higher-Education Institutions[J];Comparative Education Review;2003-10
5 WANG Yigao;On Educational Reform Influenced by Neo - liberalism[J];Comparative Education Review;2003-12
6 WANG Li bing XIE Feng;Internationalization of Higher Education:Different Approaches of UNESCO and WTO[J];Comparative Education Review;2004-02
7 LI Lian ming CHEN Yun tang;The Unevenness of International Student Exchange in the Process of Internationalization of Higher Education[J];Comparative Education Review;2004-02
8 YAN Guang-cai;Town and Gown:A Case Study of the Interaction between Oxford University and Oxford City[J];Comparative Education Review;2004-04
9 LI Lian-ming,LV Hao-xue;Main Factors of Restricting the Flow of International Students in the Process of Internationalization of Higher Education[J];Comparative Education Review;2004-06
10 SHENG Bing;Re-constructing Institutional Social Capital: A New Angle of Changes in Western Modern School System[J];Comparative Education Review;2005-06
【Secondary References】
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1 HU Chenggong LIU Jie(Yangtze University Jingzhou Hubei 434023);Difference and Cause of Chinese and Foreign University Academic Organizational Structure[J];Higher Education(Research & Evaluation);2008-01
2 HU Cheng-gong(Institute of Higher Education,Yangtze University,Jingzhou 434023,China);The causes of existing problems in academic grass-roots organizations in HEIs and countermeasures to make a reform[J];Journal of Higher Education;2007-08
3 LI Su-min(College of Education, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China);The influence of higher education internationalization on the development of Chinese higher education[J];Journal of Higher Education;2009-04
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6 HU Liang-cai(International Exchange Office,Hunan City University,Yiyang 413000,Hunan,China);On the Internationalization of Higher Education in the Sight of City Cultural Space——The New way of Study and Fulfill the Internationalization of Higher Education[J];Journal of Nantong University(Education Sciences Edition);2009-01
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8 HU Liang-cai(Department of International Exchange,Hunan City University,Yiyang,Hunan 413000,China);The Interaction Between Human and Urban Space of Culture: a Cultural Motivation to Promote the Internationalization of Higher Education[J];Journal of Hunan City University;2009-04
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