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《Journal of Preventive Medicine of Chinese People's Liberation Army》 2002-06
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Wu Gang Wu Like Yang Peng Liang Bing Xu Chunhong Zhao Hong Fang Fang (The 401 Naval Hospital,Nautical Medicine Special Center of PLA,Qingdao, Shandong,266071)  
Objective:To Study the influence of long term voyage on anxiety, depression and sleep quality of sailors in naval ship and nuclear-powered submarine,so as to provide the basis for improving psychological health of these sailors.Methods: The subjects were divided into naval ship group, submarine group and harbour working group(control group).Anxiety feeling of the sailors was evaluated by Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS),depression feeling by Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS)and sleep quality by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI).Results:(1) SAS scores in both naval ship and submarine groups were higher than those before voyage and control(P0.01). SDS score in naval ship group was higher than that before voyage(P0.05). In submarine group,SDS were higher than those before voyage and control(P0.01).(2)Anxiety rate in naval ship gruop was increased from 8.77% to 28.07% (P0.01)and in submarine group from 6.06% to 43.43% (P0.01). Depression rate in naval ship group was increased from 4.39% to 21.05% (P0.01) and in submarine group from 7.07% to 44.44% (P0.01).(3)The correlation coefficients of the total score of PSQI with SAS and SDS were 0.4792 and 0.4675 in naval ship group,0.4498 and 0.4983 in submarine group respectively(P0.05)?Conclusion:Long term voyage of naval ship and nuclear-powered submarine may induce higher incidence of anxiety and depression and poor sleep quality of the sailors,especially in submarine group. There are significant positive correlation between sleep quality and anxiety or depression.
【CateGory Index】: R83
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