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《Journal of Building Structures》 2011-07
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Fire-resistance simulation and test of prefabricated bamboo house

ZHOU Quan1,SHE Liyong2,XIAO Yan1,3,SHAN Bo1,HUO Jingsi1,MA Jian1,YANG Ruizhen1(1.China Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Building Safety and Energy Efficiency,Hunan University,Changsha 410082,China;2.Advanced Bamboo and Timber Technologies,LLC,Changsha 410082,China; 3.Department of Civil Engineering,University of Southern California,Los Angeles CA90089,USA)  
The research team developed a new type of prefabricated mobile hosing system using glue laminated bamboo(GluBam),and deployed to the areas devastated by the May 12,2008 Great Wenchuan earthquake.In order to analyze the fire performance of the new bamboo housing system,comparative studies on fire resistant performance of a full-size prefabricated bamboo house and a counterpart light-gauge steel panel house model were carried out.Electrical thermo-couples were installed on each face of the walls to detect the temperature spread in the walls of the testing houses under internal floor fire.On-site observation and data analysis indicated the great advantage of the newly developed bamboo house,in terms of delaying the spread of the fire and retaining stability under fire.In addition,the authors conducted simulation of fire tests using fire power simulation software FDS(fire dynamics simulator).The results of tests and simulations indicate that the prefabricated bamboo house exhibits superior safety and fire resistant performance than light-gauge steel panel house.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金委主任基金项目(50848008) 国家自然科学基金委重点项目(50938002)
【CateGory Index】: TU998.1;TU366.1
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