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《Journal of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine》 2018-07
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Connotation of heart desiring soft and application of supplementation-draining theory in Huangdi Neijing(Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic)

Wang Ranran;HE Juan;School of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine;  
The theory of supplementation and draining according to desire of five viscera,from Suwen ·Zangqi Fashi Lun(Plain Questions · On Visceral Qi and Seasons),is an important theoretical base for guiding visceral medication,in particular for desire of five viscera and medication laws. In desire of five viscera,the connotation of heart desiring soft is hard to understand compared with desire of other 4 viscera. Heart is characterized by fire and has physical characteristics of heating the superior and flaring up. But Suwen said heart desiring soft,and physicians of all dynasties had no clear comments on this,and later generations feel puzzled. In this paper,the connotation of heart desiring soft is explained from 3 aspects,heart controlling mental activities(characterized by soft and lenience),heart controlling blood vessels(characterized by soft and fluent) and heart opening into tongue(characterized by soft and flexible). The medication laws for heart desiring soft with salty supplementation and sweet draining are interpreted,and viewpoints are promoted,including salty medicinal can impair hyperactive heart yang,which is called supplementation and actually is draining,and sweet medicinal can inspire declined heart yang,which is called draining and actually is supplementation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81273874);; 2015北京市教学名师项目~~
【CateGory Index】: R221
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