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《Archaeology》 2007-06
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Round Burial Pits of the Yin Period at Hougang,Anyang,and Their Related Problems

Du Jingpeng  
In the light of the unearthed objects and stratigraphic evidence,it can be inferred that the round burial pits of the Yin period at Hougang,Anyang,were formed in the late Yin or at the turn from the Yin to the Zhou period.The dead buried in them were seriously wounded or even killed with the head separated from the body.Their skeletons are in an extraordinary position and in disorder.However, they were offered large-sized ritual bronzes and a great number of other funeral objects.This suggests that the Hougang burial pits are not normal tombs or usually seen sacrificial pits; they must have been peculiar burials of persons higher in status.It is likely that the pit-occupants belonged to the "cizi 嗣子" mentioned in the inscription of the shu cizi ding tripod 戍嗣子鼎,who were the officials stationed at the "Lan 阑," or the State Guesthouse in the capital of the Yin Dynasty,in charge of guest reception and massage transmission.Perhaps the buried in the round pits died in the Muye campaign.
【CateGory Index】: K878.8
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【References】
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【Co-citations】
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1 DAI Wen-tao (Chinese Department of Anhui University, Hefei, 230039, Anhui);The Compiling of the Explanations about the Posy on the LiGui[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University(Social Science Edition);2008-01
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【Co-references】
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1 GUO Liang;Study on Burial Customs of Waist pits in Shanxi Area[J];Southeast Culture;2007-05
2 YANG Hua(College of History,Culture,and Museology,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047,China);Archeological Research on Ancient Tomb Custom of Yao Keng in Three Gorges Region[J];Journal of Hubei Three Gorges University;2005-01
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7 WANG Zhi-you(School of Museum Study,Northwest University of China,Xian 710600,China);The Burying Custom about the PIT Under the Waist of a Dead Person in the Tomb of Shang and Zhou Dynastry[J];Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Social Science Edition);2006-06
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