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The Research on the Charcoals Unearthed from Taosi Site

Wang Shuzhi,Wang Zenglin and He Nu  
From 2002 to 2007,25 charcoal samples were collected in the archaeological excavations of Taosi Site,and were identified by means of reflected light microscope.The results showed that the charcoal fragments belonged to 25 wood species(including seven broad-leaved species unidentified)and one Gramineal species.This reflected that there was a distribution of coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest,broad-leaved forest,orchard trees and Gramineal plants nearby the site.During middle Taosi Culture period,the wood which the ancient people used the most for architecture was oriental arborvitae,followed by oak and Chinese pine;Oriental arborvitae,which was one kind of rare wood,was fetched from the locations far away from Taosi site for the palaces.It was sure that the ancient people collected jujube for food.Some kilns used common smoke-tree to bake potteries.Taosi Site was located in warm temperate zone with a warmer and more humid climate than that of the present during Taosi Culture period.
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