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《Archaeology》 2012-07
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The Ulan Moron Site of Middle Paleolithic Age in Ordos City,Inner Mongolia

Wang Zhihao  
The Ulan Moron Site located in Ordos City,Inner Mongolia consists of Loc.1,Loc.2 and Loc.3.In Loci,totally 2780 stone artifacts and 3423 mammalian fossils were obtained together with fire-use remains by a rescue excavation in 2010 and a formal excavation in 2011.Dating result for Loc.1 from MC and OSL methods is 70- 30 ka BP,meaning that this site belongs to middle Paleolithic Age.A primary study shows that the site was deposited in situ.The characteristics of lithic assemblage are quite similar to the middle Paleolithic cultures in Europe.The mammalian fauna are the part of Sjara-osso fauna of the late Pleistocene Epoch in North China.Large amounts of bone artifacts and fragmentary bones including those with obvious cutting marks indicates their close relationship with human behavior.In a trench of Loc.2 one trace of rhinoceros footprint was discovered in addition to some stone artifacts and fossils.The Ulan Moron Site is an important discovery of middle Paleolithic Age in China.All these evidences provide good materials for the comparative study of human behavioral adaptation and modern human origin.
【Fund】: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(批准号为XDA05130203);; 鄂尔多斯市政府专项经费;; 中国科学院古生物化石发掘与修理专项经费和科技部科技基础性工作项目(批准号为2007FY110200)的共同资助
【CateGory Index】: K871.11
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