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《Acta Entomologica Sinica》 1980-04
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STUDIES ON THE RESISTANCE OF DIPTEREX-RESISTANT MOSQUITO CULEX PIPIENS PALLENS Coq.——ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYDROLASE AND RESISTANCE

CHEN CHIAO-YUN JIANG CHIA-LIANG LIN GUO-FANQ LIU WEI-DE(Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica)  
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and enzymatic determination in vitro were used to demonstrate the relationship between hydrolase activity and resistance. The results are briefly stated as follows:(1) The earboxylesterase activity were considerably stronger in the resistant strain than in the susceptible strain. The decrease of Dipterex-resistance in the resistant strain reared in an insecticide-free environment was accompanied by a corresponding drop in earboxylesterase activity, and the earboxylesterase activity in the resistant strain increased with the development of Dipterex-resistance.(2) Esterase zymograms from polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed both strains had similar patterns except the E8 band which was much more intense in the resistant than in the susceptible strain, as judged by its hydrolysis of α-and β-naphthyl acetate. The results of eleetrophoresis scanning showed earboxylesterase increase mainly resided in this band. This band can also be found in the F1 strain (R × S) but the activity is less than in the resistant strain, which was in line with the decrease of resistance in the F1 strain.(3) No difference was observed in phosphatase and cholinesterase, not only in enzymatic determination in vitro but also in the esterase zymograms. The inhibition of cholinesterase of both strains by Dipterex and DDVP was similar.
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