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《Acta Entomologica Sinica》 1982-03
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DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES OF DIORYCTRIA ZELLER ON PINUS SYLVESTRIS VAR. MONGOLICA FROM NORTH-EAST CHINA, WITH ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW SPECIES GROUP (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE, PHYCITINAE)

WANG PING-YUAN SUNG SHIH-MEI (Institute of Zoology, Academia Siniea)  
Recent studies of Chinese pyralid pine moths of the genus Dioryctria Zeller on Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica from North-East China revealed a phloem damaging species which is very distinctive in structural appearance and cannot be placed in any known species groups of Mutuura and Munroe (1972, 1974). We are in the opinion to describe it as a new species and establish another species group.Mongolicella groupForewing without erected raised scales. Maxillary palpus squamous. Base of male antenna with minute depression, ending with one black scaling. Male genitalia with valva narrowed, ending in round tip without tooth. Dorsal part of valva sclerotized with fluke-like ending. Ventral part of valva with sclerotized bifurcate tooth, anterior of which with another sclerotized collar-shaped elevation. Female genitalia with ductus bursa narrowed. Larvae on Pinus sylvestris mongolica. From North-East China,Dioryctria mongolicella sp. nov.Wing expanse 24-27 mm. Head cinereus. Tongue well developed. Antenna pale fuscous with darker black scales at base. Antennal shaft in male grey fuscous with a black tip, light scale-tuft in sinus with third joint sharply pointed over the vertex with black scales. Maxillary palpus grey-fuscous in squamous form. Thorax dark fuscous black. Patagium and tegula fuscous-black. Abdomen fuscous-black.Forewing above without raised scales ridge, ground color dark black. Basal and subbasal areas protuding inwards. Median area suffused with black scales in the cell with griseous white scales scattered throughout. Discocellular spot in white color, very minute and distinct, with a triangular angle extruding from middle toward the terminal line. Terminal line grecious white mixed with black scales. Fringe fuscous. Coremate as shown in figure 6.Male genitalia (figs. 4, 5). Uncus long and rather narrow on each side, rounded at tip, basal slightly expanded, dorsal scattered with minute pristles which are shorter on tip and much longer on each side. Gnathos narrow, with produced sharp pointing. Tegumen broad. Vinculum expanded at base, narrowed distally. Valva narrowly elongated with tip rounded without tooth-like projection Costa highly sclerotized extending about 4/5 length of the valva, ending in fluke-shaped. Ventral part of valva with a bifurcated teeth, beyond which extruding with collar-shaped sclerotized plate. Sacculus very thin, ending gradually. Aedeagus stout, about six times as long as wide. With two large basal cornuti. Distal area with many spine-like short distal cornuti. Female genitalia (fig. 7). Anal lobe oval-shaped. Ductus bursa oblong and highly sclerotized about six times as long as wide. Bursa copulatrix narrow. Cornu-tus with two rows of minute spines. Lateral lobe well developed.Holotype male. Ai-hui county. Heilungkiang province of North-Bast China. F.T. Qian. Allotype female. Locality and date same as holotype. Genitalia no. Ph. 237. Paratype 1 male. Locality and date same a? holotype. Genitalia no. Ph. 100. 2 females. Locality and date same as holotype.Remarks. This new species is bred from Pinus sylvestris mongolica. It is very distinct from structures of genitalia with no resemblance to any known species and cannot be placed in any known species-groups. Report from Mr. Qian Fan-tsun during 1978-1980 saying larvae of this new species were bred on phloem of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica destroying tree trunks and twigs with flow of pine resins mixed with frasses from wounds. Trees of 9-70 years and up to 100 years old had often been attacked. Cankers made by rust galls, mechanical injuries, natural breakage as well as holes caused by woodpeckers made easy for the larvae to enter through. It is univol-tine. Larvae overwinter under barks in tunnels and begin to damage under barks in late April then become severe in early to mid July. Oval pupal chambers are made with silk among resinous blocks or in tree tunnels. Pupation takes place in about 10-15 days. Adults appear in the field from mid to late July. Newly hatched larvae enter through wounds into trees trunks and shoots then live i
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【References】
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1 DU Yan-li1,SONG Shi-mei2,WU Chun-sheng2,SUN Shu-ling1(1.Department of Plant Science and Technology,Beijing University of Agriculture,Beijing 102206,China;2.Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China);Research Progress in the Taxonomy of Phycitinae(Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)[J];Journal of Beijing University of Agriculture;2007-01
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1 XIAO Jin-Hua~(1,2), XIAO Hui~1, HUANG Da-Wei~(1,3**)1.Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China3.College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, Shandong, China;DNA barcoding: new approach of biological taxonomy[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;2004-05
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1 Zhang Runzhi(Research institute of Animal, Chinese Academic, Beijing)Li Zhenyu Shen Xihuan(Beijing Forestry University);Study on Cone Insects in Xingcheng Seed Orchard of Pinus tabulaeformis Located in Liaoning Province[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;1990-01
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