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《Acta Entomologica Sinica》 1992-01
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NUTRITIONAL ECOLOGY OF THE COTTON BOLLWORM, HELIOTHIS ARMJGERA (HUBNER): EFFECTS OF DIETARY SUGAR CONCENTRATION ON DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION

WU KUN -JING LI M(?)(Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica,Beijing 100030)  
Performances of development and reproduction of the cotton bollworm, Heliothis armi-gera (Hubner), reared on artificial diets with sugar concentration ranging between 8.6% and 35.8% were examined. The basic diet contained 9.7% gross protein. Higher indices of develop-menrreprocluction of the insert were obtained when the carbohydrate: protein ratio in the diet varied from 1.0 to 2.0, with the best effect at about 1.3. Less than 10% sugar in the diet resulted in lower lipid content in the pupae, shorter life-span of the female moths, and therefore, significantly poorer fecundity, with no marked influence on larval development. On the other hand, above 28% dietary sugar concentration would cause metabolic stress manifested in prolonged developmental period and decrease in fecundity. The results of the experiments imply that H. armigera requires a diet containing more carbohydrate than protein for better performance and this is in agreement with the feeding behaviour of this species observed in the field.
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