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《Acta Entomologica Sinica》 1993-01
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NUTRITIONAL ECOLOGY OF THE COTTON BOLLWORM, HELIOTHIS ARMIGERA (HBNER): LIFE TABLES OF THE POPULATION ON THE ARTIFICIAL DIETS WITH DIFFERENT PROTEIN LEVELS

Wu KUN-JUN LI MING-HUI(Institute of Zoologyt Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080)  
The life tables of the cotton bollworm, Heliothis armigera, reared on the artificial diets with different protein levels were constructed in order to investigate the effect of dietary pro-tein content on population growth. The basic diet contained soluble sugars of 27.6%. A rise of dietary protein concentration from 7% to 13% significantly shortened larval period and en-hanced adult fecundity with an increase of trend index of the population by 85%. A protein content higher than this level resulted in decline of mean egg production by female adults al-though no adverse effect on larval development and survival was observed.It is estimated that the carbohydrate: protein ratio ranging from 1.5 to 2.6 in the diet was suitable for better performance of this insect species. These results suggest that carbohydrate and protein contents as well as their ratio in food plants would exert certain influence on po-pulation dynamics of the cotton bollworm in the field.
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