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《Acta Entomologica Sinica》 2004-01
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Effects of high temperature on incidence of pupation,summer diapause and pupal weight of the cotton bollworm,Helicoverpa armigera(Hübner)

LIU Zhu-Dong, GONG Pei-Yu, WU Kun-Jun, LI Dian-Mo~*(State Key Laboratory o f Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chine se Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China)  
Summer diapause in cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera(Hübner), is prolo ngation of the pupal stage, particularly in males, initiated by high temperature . Weight and weight loss of diapausing pupae and non-diapausing pupae exposed t o high alternative temperatures of 33-39℃ were evaluated in the laboratory with normal developmental pupae from larvae reared at 27℃ as the control. In t he experiment, pupation incidence at high temperature was significantly lower th an that of the control; 63.2% of males and 10.9% of females fell into summer d iapause when prepupae were exposed to alternative temperatures of 33-39℃. Weight of diapaused and non-diapaused pupae whose prepupae were exposed to high temperature was lighter than that of control pupae. Weight loss of pupae from 2 nd to 5th day after pupation was less in diapausing pupae than those in non -diapausi ng and control pupae, i.e, 3.62, 13.30 and 5.49 mg respectively. The tren d of total weight loss from pupation to emergence was similar to that from 2nd to 5t h day after pupation, i.e., 15.60, 49.35 and 26.30 mg in diapausing, non -diapausing and control pupae, respectivley. The curves of weight loss of the three groups showed significant difference. The curve of diapausing pupae was relatively even and was located below the curves of non-diapaused and control pupae. However, when the diapausing pupae were placed at diapause-terminated temperature, the c urve of their weight loss of pupae was similar to that of control pupae except l onger duration in the former case because diapausing pupae had a period of respo nse about 3 days to terminate diapause. The results indicate that with diapause pupae can reduce metoblism and delay their development under high temperature to survive adverse environment.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目( 30 0 70 1 2 8);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目( 2 0 0 0 0 1 6 2 1 0 );; 中国科学院创新方向项目 (KSCX2 1 0 2 )
【CateGory Index】: S435.62
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