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Wu Yi DONG; SHEN JIN-LIANG; YOU ZI-PING(Department of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210014)  
fenvalerate resistant strain (Fen-R) of cotton bollworm, Heliothis armigera(Hubner), was obtained by laboratory selection of a strain (YG) collected fromYanggu County, Shandong Province in 1990 after nine selections with fenvalerateduring fifteen generations, and exhibited about 2463-fold resistance to this insecticideas compared with a susceptible strain collected from Dongtai County, JiangsuProvince in 1983. The LD50 value (24. 1412g/larva) in F15 generation after selection increased to 1 19.5-fold as compared with the LD50 value (0.2020 g/larva) of F1.A fenvalerate susceptible strain (Fen-S) was developed by selection of progenies thatresulted from single-pair matings of cotton bollworm collected from Yanshi County,Henan Province, under conditions free of insecticides, and its LD50 was 0.0116 g/larva, close to that of Dongtai susceptible strain in 1983.Dose-mortality regressions were estimated for seven insecticides applied to YGstrain before selection treatments and to Fen-R strain, respectively. A spectrum ofcross-resistance was detected to deltamethrin [LD50(Fen-R)/LD50(YG) = 5.2X] andcypermethrin (2.5 X ), but no cross-resistance to cyhalothrin (0.66 X ), permethrin(0.87 X ), methomyl (0.74 X ), and monocrotophos (1.5 X ). The studies on synergismof fenvalerate+Pb in Fen-R strain showed that resistance was due principally to themetabolic (multiple function oxidase) mechanism. Toxicological data suggested thatmore than one factors (genes) were responsible for resistance to fenvalerate in Heliothis armigera (Hubner).
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: Q969.38
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