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《ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA》 1998-S1
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RESISTANCE SELECTION OF PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA (L ) BY CHLORFLUAZURON AND PATTERNS OF CROSS RESISTANCE

Wu Qingjun Zhu Guoren Zhao Jianzhou (Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081) Zhang Xing (Northwestern Agricultural University,Yangling 712100) Gao Xiwu (Department of Entomology, China Ag  
The resistance selection and patterns of cross resistance of diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella (L ), to chlorfluazuron, a benzoylphenylurea (BPU) insect growth regulator (IGR) that interferes with chitin synthesis, were investigated during 1995~1996 Laboratory selection of a Shenzhen strain (SZ S) of DBM, having been reared in laboratory for 6 years since its collection in 1990, by chlorfluazuron for 6 generations resulted in 23 78 fold resistance to chlorfluazuron, and quick reversion to susceptibility was observed when the culture was kept without exposure to the chemical pressure Cross resistance to conventional insecticides——cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, phoxim, quinalphos, methomyl, microbial insecticide Bt, abamectin and diafenthiuron was not apparent Negative cross resistance was demonstrated to two nereistoxin derivatives, cartap(0 21) and shachongdan(0 23) The results of in vivo tests showed that addition of PBO or TPP had no effect on the toxicity of chlorfluazuron in the SZ S strain, while PBO or TPP significantly increased the toxicity of chlorfluazuron in both SH R and CH R strains, with synergism ratios ranged from 15 42 to 29 71 fold and 2 74 to 2 87 fold based on comparison of LC 50 and PBO restored the effectiveness of chlorfluazuron completely, indicating that MFO is the major resistance mechanism
【CateGory Index】: Q963,S436.341.24
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