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《Acta Archaeologica Sinica》 2002-04
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SOME IDEAS ON THE EARLY NOMADIC CULTURE IN THE EURASIAN STEPPE

Wu En  
Throughout ancient times, the Eurasian Steppe was the stage of nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes' activities. These ethnic groups left over rich cultural remains, particularly weapons and horse-fittings similar in genre, as well as works of the so-called "animal style" art, all of which became well known in the world. The Great Wall zone of China lay at the eastern end of the Eurasian Steppe and adjoined the region of advanced agricultural civilization in the Yellow River valley. This favorable geographical location determined its important role in the early nomadic culture of Eurasia. Archaeological discoveries show that number of distinctive Bronze Age to early Iron Age cultures were distributed along the Great Wall, and that their cultural contents were characterized not only by strong local features, but also by close relationship with early nomadic cultures outside this zone. Consequently it can be concluded that there were both mutual absorption and independent creation, and that there was no monogenic origination from one common center, nor unilateral influence from the so called "Scythian-Siberian culture." The establishment of the sequence of early nomadic cultures has furnished a valuable model for studying the whole early nomadic culture in the Eurasian Steppe and the formation and development of nomadic economy.
【CateGory Index】: K86;G112
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