Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Archaeologica Sinica》 2004-03
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

THE EVOLUTION OF CULTURAL PATTERN AND ECONOMIC FORMATION IN THE WESTERN LIAONING AREA FROM THE XIA TO THE WARRING STATES PERIOD

Wang Lixin  
In the present paper, the author discusses the evolution of archaeological cultures and economic formation of the Xia to the Warring States period in the western Liaoning region, and initially analyses its regulative factors. The outcome indicates that, in the course of cultural pattern development, Nuluerhu Mountain was an important cultural watershed, which approximately divided the Lower Xiajiadian culture of the Xia to the early Shang period into two regional types. By the turn from the Shang to the Zhou period, the archaeological cultures on the two sides of this mountain had begun to develop along different tracks. From the late Spring and Autumn period to the middle Warring States period, the western Liaoning area entered a new phase with various cultures existed simultaneously, but, generally speaking, all of the three newly-developed cultures were distributed to the west of the eastern foot of Nuluerhu mountain. Another noteworthy point is that, even after the phase of cultural differentiation, the interflow between the archaeological cultures distributed on both sides of this mountain was still very frequent, which led to the relative stability of this historical cultural region.As far as the development of economic formation is concerned, there was scarcely significant difference between the archaeological cultures on the two sides of Nuluerhu Mountain before the late Spring and Autumn period. From the Xia to the early Shang period, agriculture was quite well developed on both sides. Thereafter, the Weiyingzi and Linghe cultures(on the eastern side)and the Upper Xiajiadian culture(on the western side)all evolved upon undeveloped agriculture as dominant subsistence and livestock farming as subsidiary. Roughly in the late Spring and Autumn period, the arrival of the new cultural type represented by the Tiejianggou and Wudaohezi tombs broke the old economico-cultural structure. The Tiejianggou remains show the economic character of resident hunting in the mountain area, while the Wudaohezi remains represent a relatively pure nomadic economy. Based on the investigation of the internal regulative factors of economic development, the author comes to the conclusion that the environmental variation could regulate and influence the development of subsistence to a fairly great extent. Furthermore, it might even become a direct or indirect incentive of old economic types'disappearance and new economic types'emergence. But the variation from an economic type to another in a given region was not a step by step evolution, but an alternation from the old to the new. The difference was primarily rooted in different cultural traditions.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地吉林大学边疆考古研究中心重大项目研究成果
【CateGory Index】: K872
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 JING Zhong-wei;Dating and Cultural Attribute of the Bronze Dagger ge with Bronze Shaft bi Excavated in Shuishouyingzi Village,Linghai City[J];Research of China's Frontier Archaeology;2008-00
2 Wu Zhijiang;A Preliminary Study on the Elements and Formation Process of the Culture Reflected from the Western Jinggouzi Cemetery[J];Huaxia Archaeology;2009-01
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Wanglixin and Qi Xiaoguang;Several Problems on Longtoushan Site[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2002-01
2 Wang Minghui;Ethnic Composition of the Ancient Inhabitants in the Liaohe River Valley and Related Problems[J];Huaxia Archaeology;1999-02
3 CHU KUEI;BRONZE DAGGER TOMBS AT SHIH ■RH T’AI YING TZ■,CH’AOANG COUNTY,LIAONING[J];The Chinese Journal of Archaeology;1960-01
4 CPAM,Jouda League,Liaoning Province and the Northeast Archaeological Team,IAAS;EXCAVATION OF A STONE-CHAMBERED TOMB AT NANSHAN-KNG IN NING-CH'NG COUNTY[J];;1973-02
5 Lin Yun;BRONZE DAGGERS OF THE NORTHEASTERN TYPE IN ANCIENT CHINA[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1980-02
6 Tian Guangjin and Guo Suxin;ORIGIN OF THE ORDOS BRONZES[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1988-03
7 Zhu Yonggang;DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF THE NORTHEAST BRONZE CULTURE[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;1998-02
8 Dong Xinlin;A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE WEIYINGZI CULTURE[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;2000-01
9 Jin Fengyi Wang Jihong;A STUDY OF YAN CULYURE AND CENTRAL PLAINS CULTURE ELEMENTS IN THE SHANRONG CULTURE[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;2001-01
10 Zheng Junlei;A PRELIMINARY RESEARCH ON THE POTTERY FROM YAN TOMBS OF THE WARRING STATES PERIOD[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;2001-03
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Tang Lingyu (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology .Academia Sinica) Feng Zhaodong and Kang Jiancheng (Lanzhou University);Quaternary Palynoflora and Sedimentary Environment in the Neighbouring Area of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and Loess Plateau[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1990-02
2 Tang Lingyu (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Academia Sinica) Feng Zhaodong and Kang Jiancheng (Lanzhou University);Quaternary Palynoflora and Sedimentary Environment in the Neighbouring Area of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and Loess Plateau[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;1990-04
3 HU Gang\+1,\ WANG Nai\|ang\+2,\ ZHAO Qiang\+2, CHENG Hong\|yi\+2,\ CHEN Yong\|sheng\+2,\ GUO Jian\|ying\+2 Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; 2. Resource and Environmental College of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China) ;Water Balance of Huahai Lake Basin during a Special Phase[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2003-05
4 SHI Ya-feng,ZHAO Jing-dong(State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China);The Special Warm-Humid Climate and Environment in China during 40~30 ka BP:Discovery and Review[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2009-01
5 Zheng Junlei and Zhao Yongjun;Remarks on the Organization of the Residents of Lelang in Han Dynasty According to the Han tombs[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2005-02
6 Zhang Guoqiang;A Preliminary Study on the Archaeoligical Cultures of Prior Qin in the Xilamulun River Valley[J];Northern Cultural Relics;2006-03
7 Xia Baoguo;Marks on the Record"Moving the Gonggong's Familiy to the Youzhou Area"in Archaeology View——According to the fact that the Lower Culture of Xiajiadian was Originated from the Ⅱ Culture of Hougang[J];Northern Cultural Relics;2008-03
8 Hua Yang Huo dongfeng;A Preliminary Study on the Shunshantun Type[J];Northern Cultural Relics;2008-04
9 Shi Yan Jia Sujuan;Research on the Bronze Arrowheads Unearthed from the Northeast Area in Prior Qin Period[J];Northern Cultural Relics;2009-03
10 Qiu Weili; Zhai Qiumin; Hu Haibo; Zhao YeZheng Liangmei; Li Rongquan(Department of Resource and Environment Scienes, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China);HOLOCENE WATER LEVEL CHANGES OF ANGULINAO LAKE AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCE);1999-04
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhou Hui WAN Cheng and ZHU Hong;Extraction,Amplification and Sequence of Ancient DNA[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2001-03
2 Jia Weiming;A Study on the Origin of Farming and Domestication and the Division of Neolithic in Northeast China[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2001-03
3 An Zhimin;Remarks on "the First Ligh of Civiliaztion" and the Niuheliang Site[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2002-01
4 Wanglixin and Qi Xiaoguang;Several Problems on Longtoushan Site[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2002-01
5 Zhang Zhiqiang;Research on the Potteries Unearthed from Xizhai site[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2005-03
6 Qiao Liang;The Date of the Deer-designed Tablet of Erkeqian Cemetery[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2005-04
7 CUI Yin-qiu 1,2,XU Yue2,YANG Yi-dai2,XIE Cheng-zhi2,ZHU Hong2,ZHOU Hui 1,2 (1. Department of Ancient DNA Laboratory, Center of Border Archaeology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012,China; 2. Department of Macromolecular Laboratory, College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130023,China);Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism analysis of district of Lubunour at the Bronze Age in Xinjiang[J];Journal of Jilin University of (Medicine Edition);2004-04
8 XU Yue~(1,2),ZHANG Xiao-lei~2,ZHANG Quan-chao~1,CUI Yin-qiu~(1,2),ZHOU Hui~(1,2),ZHU Hong~1(1.Ancient DNA Laboratory,Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology,Jilin University,Changchun 130012,China;2.Macromolecular Laboratory,College of Life Science,Jilin University,Changchun 130023,China);Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Turki human remain[J];Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition);2006-02
9 CAI Da-wei1,2,WANG Hai-jing2,3,HAN Lu2,LI Sheng-nan2,ZHOU Hui1,2,ZHU Hong1(1.Ancient DNA Laboratory,Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology, Jilin University,Changchun 130012,China;2.Macromolecular Laboratory,College of Life Science,Jilin University,Changchun 130023,China;3.Teaching and Research Center of Chemistry,College of Chemistry, Jilin University,Changchun 130021,China);Comparisons of effects of four methods for ancient DNA extraction[J];Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition);2007-01
10 FU Yu-qin~1,XU Xue-lian~2,WANG Hai-jing~2,XIE Cheng-zhi~2,ZHOU Hui~(1,2),ZHU Hong~1(1.Ancient DNA Laboratory,Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology,Jilin University,Changchun 130023,China;2.College of Life Science,Jilin University,Changchun 130023,China);Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism analysis of ancient human excavated in Zhenzishan cemetery of Inner Mongolia[J];Journal of Northeast Normal University;2006-02
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 PEI WEN-CHUNG AND CHOW MIN-CHEN Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica;DISCOVERY OF PALAEOLITHES IN YUNNAN[J];;1961-02
2 Комимем по Охране Кульмурных Памя(?)ников пров.ХЭБЭЙ;ДОКЛАД О РАСКОПКАХ СТОЯНКИ ДАЧЭНЬШАНЬ Г.ТАНШАНЬ[J];Chinese Journal of Archaeology;1959-03
3 CHU KUEI;BRONZE DAGGER TOMBS AT SHIH ■RH T’AI YING TZ■,CH’AOANG COUNTY,LIAONING[J];The Chinese Journal of Archaeology;1960-01
4 Хуа Цзюе-мин;Ян Гэнь;Лю Энь-чжу;ПЕРВОНАЧАЛЬНЫЕ МЕТАЛЛОГРАФИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ЖЕЛЕЗНЫХ ОРУДИЙ ЭПОХ ВОЮЮЩИХ ЦАРСТВ И ДВУХ ХАНЕЙ[J];The Chinese Journal of Archaeology;1960-01
5 Chia Lan-p'o and Yen Yin;HUMAN SKELETAL REMAINS UNEARTHED AT HSI T'UAN HILL,CHILIN[J];The Chinese Journal of Archaeology;1963-02
6 The Former Palace Museum of Shenyang and CPAM, City of Shenyang;EXCAVATION OF TWO BRONZE AGE TOMBS AT CHENG-CHIA-WA-TZU IN SHENYANG, LIAONING PROVINCE[J];;1975-01
7 by T'ien Kuang-chin;THE HSIUNG NU TOMBS AT T'AO-HUNG-PA-LA[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1976-01
8 The Shantung Provincial Museum;EXCAVATION OF EASTERN CHOU TOMB NO. 1 WITH HUMAN SACRIFICES AT LANG-CHIA-CHUANG IN TZ(?)-PO CITY, SHANTUNG PROVINCE[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1977-01
9 Lin Yun;BRONZE DAGGERS OF THE NORTHEASTERN TYPE IN ANCIENT CHINA[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1980-02
10 Dong Xuezeng;SOME PRELIMINARY REMARKS ON THE XITUANSHAN CULTURE OF THE JILIN REGION[J];Acta Archaeologia Sinica;1983-04
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved