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《Science & Technology Review》 2017-06
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Geological features, the formation and the evolution of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

WANG Zhentao;MLR Key Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environments,Institute of Mineral Resources,CAGS;  
With its special place in the Earth, the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is always a research hotspot to attract worldwide attentions.However, there remain many contentious issues to be further explored. This paper focuses on the analysis and the discussion of the uplift process, the geological evidences, and the formation and evolution process of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. This plateau is an unique geological unit, and has a strips-blocks interphase tectonic framework with crust of huge thickness. The geological evidences for the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau can be found in the paleontology, the sedimentology, the paleogeomorphology, the karstology and the paleomagnetism. However, these specific details of the uplift process might have different interpretations. Great progress has been made in detecting fine structures of the earth's crust and mantle. Now, some consensus has been reached among the academic circles on the location, the geometry and the movement direction of the subduction beneath the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160054)
【CateGory Index】: P56
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