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《Bulletin of Science and Technology》 2009-01
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The Ecological Strategy Evolution of Marine Fishes under High Intensity Fishing Environment

ZHU Xiaoguang1,FANG Yuanyong2,YAN Lijiao1,ZHANG Ge1,HUANG Lu1(1.Institute of Ecological Planning and Landscape Design,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310058,China;2.College of Aquiculture,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266003,China)  
There are four different ecological strategies among marine fishes,we separately chose large yellow croake,small yellow croake,hairtail and anchovy as the representative fishes of four ocean ecological strategies and analyzed their changes of ecological characters under high intensity fishing environment during the last several decades.We found that all the population structures of the four fishes had a simplification development,the specific expression was that the aver-age body length,weight and age of population had all diminished,the age structure of fish population tend to simplifica-tion.At the same time,both speed of growth and maturity had quickened,the fist maturity age and length had shortened,fecundity and mortality of the fishes had obviously increased.A series of the fishes ecological parameters changes indi-cate that the ecological strategies of marine fishes have a development and evolution from K strategy to r strategy and the trend is strengthening.The strategy evolution is the adaptive response to human over fishing of marine fishes,for the com-plementarity and continuation of their populations.
【CateGory Index】: S931
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