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《Science Technology and Engineering》 2015-32
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Geochemical Characteristics of Saturated Hydrocarbon in Coal-measure Source Rocks from Muli Permafrost,Qinghai

HE Yu;ZHANG Min;CHEN Xiao-hui;GONG Jian-ming;LI Yong-hong;WANG Wei-chao;LEI Tian-zhu;Key Laboratory of Exploration Technology for Oil and Gas Research,Yangtze University;Ministry of Education and School of Earth Environment and Water Resources,Yangtze University;Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology;No.105 Exploration Team,Qinghai Bureau of Coal Geological Exploration;Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource Research,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Qilian Mountain permafrost has been the main exploration region since samples of gas hydrate have been drilled. Based on the analysis of organic carbon content and vitrinite reflectance measurement,combined with GC-MS,the organic source,depositional environment and thermal maturity of hydrocarbon source rocks were systematically discussed. The results show that samples of the study area stay in a high mature stage during the thermal evolution. The C25 tetracyclic terpane may be an indicator which reflects organic matters with high maturity in the study area. Lower aquatic organisms mixed with higher terrigenous plants are proven to be the organic material of hydrocarbon source rocks. The Pr / Ph value( 1) and gammacerane / C30 hopane value( 0. 2) of coal-measure mudstones indicate that source rocks are developed in a fresh water-reductive environment. High Pr / Ph ratio illustrates these coals,derived from higher terrigenous plants,formed in oxygenated conditions. The coals in the Carboniferous and Permian are deposited in a marine-terrestrial environment. However,coal in the Jurassic mainly formed in lacustrine-swamp facies. Biomark analysis of soluble hydrocarbon in coals,combined with the sedimentary facies of study area,was illustrated the same characteristics.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(41273066);; 湖北省教育厅科学技术研究计划青年人才项目(Q20141308)资助
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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