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《Wetland Science》 2012-02
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Research Progress on Main Functional Microorganisms in Wetland Ecosystems

ZHENG Chun-Yu1,2,WANG Guang-Hua1(1.Key Laboratory of Mollisols Agroecology,Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Harbin 150081,Helongjiang,P.R.China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,P.R.China)  
Recently,due to degradation of environments and air quality,the ecological functions of the wetlands have been widely highlighted.This paper summarized recent research progress on functional microorganisms in the wetlands,introduced the characteristics of microbial diversity in the wetlands,the microbial community diversity in the wetlands differed with the regions,environments and types of the wetlands,and the roles of the wetland microorganisms in pollutant degradation and greenhouse gas emission;researches on the main functional microorganisms such as ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms,methanogenic archaea,methane-oxidizing bacteria,denitrifying bacteria and fungi,sulfate-reducing and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria;and the influences of vegetations and nutrition elements on the wetland functional microorganisms.In the last,further researches aimed at analysis of mechanism of external factors' affecting on the wetland functional microorganisms,the relationships between wetland vegetation and microbial diversity,and the reveal of the roles of wetland functional microorganisms and their ecological distribution patterns in purification of the sewage and emission of greenhouse gases were also pointed in the paper.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41071172)资助
【CateGory Index】: X703
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