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《Wetland Science》 2014-02
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Community Characteristics of Sarcodines and Flagellates and Water Environment Evaluation in Lhalu Wetlands

Ba sang;HUANG Xiang;Pu bu;MA Zheng-xue;Institute of Alpine Animal Ecology,Faculty of Natural Sciences,Tibet University;College of Life Science,Northwest Normal University;Department of Chemistry and Environmental Sciences,Faculty of Natural Sciences,Tibet University;  
The structure of sarcodines and flagellates community in Lhalu wetlands was studied based on site sampling, directly observation(in vivo) and fixed-staining methods. Samplings were carried out in July and October in 2009, 2010 and 2011, respectively. A total of 145 species were identified, including 12 uncertain species. There were 49 species belonging to 26 genera, 15 families, 9 orders, 2 classes in mastigophora found in this study. Amongst, 45 species were phytomastigophorea and in which 25 species were euglenida, accounting for 50% of the total flagellates found in the study and, was the dominant group; only 4 species found in mastigophora were class of zoomastigophorea. There were 96 species belonging to 34 genera, 20 families, 6 orders, and 3 classes in sarcodina. Amongst, 72 species were lobosea and in which 44 species were arcellinida, accounting for 46.32% of the total sarcodines found in the study and, it was the dominant group. Twenty-eight species in lobosea were order of amoebida and, accounting for 28.86%, was the subdominant group. All together, dominant species in July(summer) were Cryptomonas ovata, Cryptomonas erosa, Gymnodinium aeruginosum, and Centropyxis discoides; in October(autumn) were Trachelomonas lacustris and Glenodinium pulvisculus. There were 27 common species(11 species of flagellate and 16 species of sarcodines) and 112 occasional species found in total. The results showed that in the wetlands there was a high sarcodines and flagellates species richness and complex community structure. Species distribution was highly heterogeneity both at temporal and spatial level. Correlation analysis was carried out between the community structure and major environmental factors. The results suggested that pH and salinity in the waters were major factors controlling the variations of community structure of sarcodines and flagellates in both 2 seasons. The water quality of the studied wetlands was evaluated based on the obtained community structure and major parameters of the waters. The results suggested that the wetlands was relatively undisturbed by human activities. Most sampling sites were unpolluted and, with an exception of fourth sampling site that had a medium-level pollution.
【Fund】: 教育部科学技术研究重点项目(210214、212165);; 国家自然科学基金项目(31360509)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q959.116
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