Research Progress on Restoration of Pollution of Coastal Wetlands Using Salicornia europaea and Suaeda salsa
YANG Jia;LI Xicheng;WANG Chenyi;TENG Lihua;ZHAO Xinyuan;College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Wanly University;
The salt-tolerant plants win high-profile attention in coastal ecological restoration and become one of the effective and important measures to mend salinity coastal for the functional decline of coastal wetlands and pollution problems caused by coastal development, beach reclamation, land-base pollution, aquaculture,port industry. Salicornia europaea and Suaeda salsa clustered in coastal wetlands are representative and dominant communities of halophytes belonging to Chenopodiaceae family from land to coast. Based on the review of the physiological response and salt-tolerant mechanism of Salicornia europaea and Suaeda salsa induced by salinity, the law of heavy metals enrichment, degradation of organic pollutants and reduction of eutrophication, the trend of bioremediation technology and the theoretical basis for restoration of the coastal wetlands in the future are pointed in the two halophytes.