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《Chinese Science Bulletin》 2013-S1
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Pollen and fungi spore analysis on Hyaenid coprolite from the Xuchang Man Site,Central China

WANG WenJuan;WU Yan;SONG GuoDing;ZHAO KeLiang;LI ZhanYang;Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Institute of Cultural Relics in Henan Province;  
Coprolites,or fossilized excrement,are a useful material to study past environments and diet. The inclusions in coprolites,in particular the refractory remains preserved in them,are a good approach to gather information on paleoenvironments and ancient dietary habits. The recently excavated Xuchang Man site in Lingjing,Henan Province,Central China is an important paleolithic site. This paper describes the botanic remains preserved in Hyaenid coprolites excavated from Xuchang Man. The sporo-pollen assemblages and fungi spores show that the character of the paleoenvironment matches the fauna of the Xuchang Man site. Furthermore,because of the hyena's carnivorous diet,the pollen and fungi spores found in the Hyaenid coprolites most likely originated from the prey or carrion consumed by the hyena.
【Fund】: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05130303);; 国家自然科学基金(41002057)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q914.2
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