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《Studies In Science of Science》 2005-05
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Entrepreneurship research: Theoretical perspectives and the new trend

ZHU Ren-hong(School of Business,Sun Yat-Sen University,Zhongshan 510275,China)  
With a critical literature review of the theoretical perspectives in entrepreneurship research,the paper points out the new trend which is based on the disequilibrium analysis.We discuss the achievements and weakness of equilibrium approach which consists of supply perspectives and demand perspectives as well as the light shed on entrepreneurship by the opportunity perspective of disequilibrium approach.We pointed out that the traditional economic theory cannot deal with the shock of creation to equilibrium,and that Austrian School cannot,either,use model to describe entrepreneurship,it has a dynamic systemic view though.In psychology research there occurred many contradictive results about entrepreneurial individuals;moreover,there didn't appear any insightful perspectives.The social cultural perspective discussed the influence of social environment on entrepreneurial personality and behavior,but it didn't offer any contribution to the research framework and model.Resource-based view has tried to linked resources to entrepreneurial capability and equilibrium,but cannot explain entrepreneurial alertness yet.We hold that with the disequilibrium analysis,opportunity view and social capital view focus on entrepreneurial individuals and opportunities,establishing a promising conceptual framework.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(70073042)
【CateGory Index】: F272;
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