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《North Rice》 2007-04
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Heterosis of Panicle Traits of Several Japonica Rices and Inheritance Analysis

ZHANG Zhan1,LIU Hui2,ZHANG Xi-cheng2,JIN Ri-nan3,WANG Zhong-jun4,BU De-hai3 (1 Liaoning Saline or Alkaline Land Utilization Research Institute,Panjin Liaoning 124010,China; 2 Yingkou Prison,Yingkou Liaoning 115000,China; 3 Ping'an Township Farming Station,Dawa County,Panjin Liaoning 124200,China; 4 Xinli Township Farming Station,Dawa County,Panjin Liaoning 124200,China)  
With eight japonica rice varieties as entries,the heterosis and inheritance parameters of panicle traits of F1s of 16 hybrid japonica rice combination were analyzed through 4×4 incomplete diallel cross.The results showed that in the panicle traits of F1s,total grains per panicle,primary rachis-branches and grains in primary rachis-branch increased generally.It was a main approach of obtaining heterosis to select the combination with high kernel set.There were better results to select total grains per panicle,primary rachis-branches and grains in primary rachis-branch at early generation of offsprings from cross breeding;otherwise,it was better to select secondary rachis-branches,kernel set both in secondary rachis-branch and in primary rachis-branch at higher generation.Meanwhile,the selections of offsprings and parents were discussed.
【CateGory Index】: S511.22
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