Recent advances in diagnosis and management of newborn infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
CHANG Li-wen(Department of Pediatrics,Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan 430030,Hubei,China)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD)is a chronic lung disease(CLD)most commonly occurred in premature infants treated with mechanical ventilation and oxygen for the long period of time. BPD was first described by Northway and colleagues in 1967. In recent years,the incidence of BPD has increased,becoming an extremely important complication in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)and one of the most commonest causes of chronic lung diseases in infants. The introduction of prenatal steroid use,surfactant treatment and improved ventilator strategies,have resulted in great changes in the clinical course and presentation of BPD. The severe form of BPD has been replaced by a milder clinical form,called'new BPD'. The'new BPD'differs greatly from the'old BPD'before 40 years in the etiology,pathologic feature and clinical presentation. The definition and progress of the diagnostic criteria and management for BPD will be described in detail in the article.
【CateGory Index】： R722.19