Audiological findings of the aging across the urban and rural of Suzhou
TANG Yunqing 1 BU Xingkuan 2 YAO Qi 1 XIE Qinglin 1 QIAN Meiling 1 HU Yongmei 1 YU Yafeng 1 ( 1 Department of Otolaryngology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University,Suzhou 215006; 2Department of Otolaryngology,the First Affil
Objective:To determine the epidemiological characteristics of old people′s hearing.Method:Questionnaires, physical examination, audiomety and bio chemical tests were performed on the elders above 60 years old in part of the urban and rural area of Suzhou with random sample survey.Result:A total of 1 040 individuals was investigated, among which 505 were from urban, and 535 were from rural. 33 of 505 senior citizen ( 6.53 %) were nososacusis, 282 ( 55.84 %) were presbycusis and 21 ( 4.16 %) were noise induced deafness; In the rural area, 35 of 535 ( 6.54 %) were nososacusis, 232 ( 43.36 %) were presbycusis, and 4 ( 0.75 %) were noise deafness.There was significant difference of the incidence of presbycusis between urban and rural.The audiometric thresholds chart manifested that the threshold elevated with age increasing especially in high frenquency.Conclusion:The etiology of hearing loss of elders was mainly due to presbycusis.The higher incidence of psychotic disorder in urban probably caused a correspondingly higher incidence of presbycusis.So the prevention and cure of some age induced diseased (e.g.hypertension, arteriosclerosis and diabetes) may be helpful to release and improve presbycusis.
【CateGory Index】： R764.04