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《Journal of Lanzhou University》 2002-05
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Chemical characteristics of atmospheric dust in Lanzhou

YANG Li-ping, CHEN Fa-hu, ZHANG Cheng-jun (School of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou,730000,China)  
samples of atmospheric dust were collected in Lanzhou City and analyzed for 24 elements by X-ray fluorescence.Enrichment factor was used in this study to identify different sources.SiO 2,Al 2O 3,CaO and Iron Oxides etc composed the major composition in the dust,while P,Mn,Zn,Ba etc were trace elements.According to the monthly variations of concentration,Fe,Cu,Co,Cr and As were higher during the heating period(Nov.to next Mar.).Na,Mg and K etc had an opposite pattern.The concentrations of Al,Si,Ca,Pb and some other elements showed no great changes within the whole year.Enrichment factor analyses indicated that anthropogenic sources were the major source of Zn,Pb,As and also contributes to Fe,Ca,Ti,P,Cu,Ba,Cr,Mn in a certain extent.On the contrary,elements such as Si,Al,Mg,K,Na,V,Co and Ni were generally from crustal soil.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (497310 10 )
【CateGory Index】: X513
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