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《Cultural Relics in Southern China》 2015-02
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Several Problems about the Disappeared Yue Kiln-As the Center of Its Disappeared Period and Reason

Li Xikuan;  
Many researchers have depended on records contained in the books Yunlumanchao(云麓漫钞)and Tanzhaibiheng(坦斋笔衡)when searching for clues to the disappearance of the Yue kiln. Researchers who placed their trust in Yunlumanchao believed that the kiln disappeared in the mid-Southern Song period, while those who placed their trust in Tanzhaibiheng believed that the kiln disappeared in the early Southern Song Period.However, upon perusing such records,it becomes clear that they are not very useful materials for analyzing the causes of the kiln's disappearance. Other more relevant archaeological materials may help determine whether the Yue kiln is most likely to have disappeared in the mid-Southern Song Period.A fundamental cause of the Yue kiln's disappearance is thought to be associated with the glaze and clay used to make celadon. The glaze used at the Yue kiln had a relatively high titanium dioxide(Ti O2)content, which meant that the glaze was not the right material for producing the pale bluish green color favored by influential people of that time. Meanwhile,the clay used to make celadon at the Yue kiln had a relatively low aluminum oxide(Al2O3)content,which meant that its resistance ability was low during the hightemperature firing process. The Yue kiln could make up for the disadvantages associated with the glaze and soil to some extent through the improvement of Zhuangshaoz(装烧)and molding techniques until the Wudai Period(五 代).However,by the start of the Northern Song Period the conditions surrounding the production of porcelain had changed and the problems associated with these disadvantages were revealed one by one. The development of a new glaze and a new clay was a way of solving the problems fundamentally. However,such a development was not without difficulties,as it was closely associated with the geological characteristics of the area in which the Yue kiln was located. As a result of these problems the Yue kiln had fallen behind rival kilns to an irrecoverable extent by the late Northern Song Period, and is thought to have finally disappeared by the mid-Southern Song period.
【CateGory Index】: K876.3
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