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《Historical Research》 2006-05
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A Preliminary Discussion of the Edict of Toleration in the Thirty-First Year of the Kangxi Reign in the Qing Dynasty

Zhang Xianqing  
In the 30~ th year of the Kangxi reign, an anti-Christian incident occurred in Hangzhou, providing a historical opportunity for the Western missionaries in China to urge the Chinese imperial court to lift the prohibition against Christianity issued in the 8~ th year of the Kangxi reign, and reconsider its policies concerning Christianity. In the 31~ st year of the Kangxi reign, the Edict of Toleration was finally issued in response to various influences, creating a relatively easy environment for the activities of Catholic missionaries in China, and drawing much attention from the European Catholic community. It stimulated further efforts on the part of Europe to preach Christianity in China. The Edict of Toleration was also used as a weighty bargaining counter by the French envoy Marie Melchior Joseph de Lagrené in his negotiations with Qi Ying, the Governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, to press the Chinese imperial court to completely lift the prohibition against Catholicism.
【Fund】: 全国博士学位论文作者专项资金资助项目(FANEDD) 批准号200517。
【CateGory Index】: K249.205
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Nicolas Standaert(Department of Sinology,Leuven University,Belgium);The Interweaving of Rituals:An Analysis of A Guideline for Chinese Christian Funerals Dating from the Early Qing[J];Fudan Journal(Social Sciences Edition);2009-01
2 Jia Jun;Empress dowager' s living areas in para- palaces of Qing Dynasty[J];Palace Museum Journal;2002-05
3 Tang Kai-jian Tian Yu (Research Institute of Chinese Cultural Classics Jinan University Guangzhou 510632 China);Tribute Exchanges and Their Influence on China and Thailand in Qing Dynasty[J];Journal of Guangxi University For Nationlities(Philosophy and Social Science Edition);2004-02
4 ZHANG Hong-wei(The Palace Museum,Beijing 100009,China);Characters of the Publication and Communication about Manchu Books in Early Qing Period[J];Journal of Henan University(Social Science);2009-01
5 CAO Qing (School of Humanities ,Beijing Language and Culture University,Beijing 100083,China);A Study on the Contribution Made by Western Missionaries to Kangxi’s Court Administration[J];Journal of Jiangxi Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition);2008-03
6 TANG Kai-jian LIU Qing-hua (School of Literature,Jinan University,Guangzhou,510632,China);Survey of the Catholic Missionary Activity in Gansu in the 17~18th Century[J];Journal of Lanzhou University(Social Sciences);2007-05
7 HEI Long (Institute of Northeast Ethnic Minority Studies,Dalian Institute of Ethnic Studies,Dalian 116600,China);An Investigation of the Early Life-of Gardan[J];Journal of Lanzhou University(Social Sciences);2008-01
8 ;The Third Christian Mission To China and Prohibition of Religion in Late Kangxi Era[J];History Teaching;2005-06
9 ;Study on Kangxi's Theory of the integration of Han and Man through the case of mutual impeachments between Ga-li and Zhang bo-xing[J];History Teaching;2007-11
10 Bai Xinliang (Institute of History Research, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China);Memorials to the Throne in the Reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty and the Western Missionaries to China of the Time[J];NANKAI JOURNAL;2003-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 TANG Kai-jian LIU Qing-hua (School of Literature,Jinan University,Guangzhou,510632,China);Survey of the Catholic Missionary Activity in Gansu in the 17~18th Century[J];Journal of Lanzhou University(Social Sciences);2007-05
2 Li Shengwen;A Preliminary Research on the Process of Coming to China of the French Jesuits in the Ming and Qing Dynasties[J];STUDES IN WORLD RELIGIONS;1999-02
3 HAN Qi(Institute for the History of Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100010,China);The Spirit of Self-dependence and the Appropriation of Western Science: The Transition in Chinese Literati's Attitude Toward Western Science and Its Social Context(ca.1700—1760)[J];Studies In The History of Natural Sciences;2002-03
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