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《Historical Research》 2009-01
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Mongol Influence on Ethnic Han Chinese in the Yuan Dynasty

LI Zhi'an  
Cultural influence within the multicultural system of the Yuan dynasty was by no means uni-directional,but was rather a process of mutual assimilation between the Mongol,Han and Semu cultures.While some Mongols and peoples in the Western Region gradually assimilated Han culture,some Han Chinese were also influenced by Mongol culture to varying degrees.This was mainly evident in the copying of Mongol ways in language,nomenclature,marriage and dress.A small group of Han Chinese thoroughly assimilated Mongol culture and others were semi-assimilated,but most were affected only superficially,accepting some elements of Mongol culture and rejecting others.Han Chinese in the north had more contact with Mongols and were thus much more influenced by Mongol culture than their southern counterparts.Kublai Khan and other rulers adopted a compound strategy of borrowing from Han ways of government while making continuous efforts to spread Mongol culture.This constituted a high-level political incentive for its acceptance by Han Chinese.As Han literati began to take a more flexible view of conventional concepts of Hua(Chinese) and Yi(barbarian),and to accept and admire the Mongol Phags-pa script,a relaxed atmosphere grew up for Han Chinese acceptance of Mongol culture.
【Fund】: 教育部博士点基金项目“元代华北地区研究”;; 985工程中国思想与社会研究哲学社会科学创新基地子项目“元代华北地区研究——兼论汉人的华夷正统观念”的阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: K247
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