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《Journal of Green Science and Technology》 2015-10
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Research on Influence Mechanism of Land Use Structure on Waters in Karst Water Source Protection Area

Yang Zhenhua;Zhao Weiquan;Yang Jiafang;Zhou Wenlong;Li Wei;Guizhou Normal University;Guizhou Institute of Mountain Resource;  
The change of the internal structure of land use is influenced by the natural environment and social economic conditions.To investigate the change characteristic of karst water source protection area in Guiyang city,this article takes " Two lakes and one reservoir" water source protection area as an example and uses the four remote sensing images from 1973(MSS),1993(TM),2001(TM)and 2010(ALOS),which aim to explain and analyze the compression degree and the driving mechanism of the change of the land use structure to the water area.The research shows that the water area of "two lakes and one reservoir" water source protection area presented an increasing trend between 1973 and 2001.The overall growth of total quantity was 28.47km2 and growth speed was 0.62km2/a.The reason of that was the transformation of returning arable farmland to lake,grassland and forest.But the water area gradually reduced to 84.75km2 from 2001to 2010,which was because of the increase of urban water consumption and the decline of water level.The key factors affecting "two lakes and one reservoir" water source protection area are the interannual change of cultivated land,regional surface water supply and the water consumption.Therefore,the rational utilization and conservation of water resources is the key to the development of social economy.
【Fund】: 贵州省社发攻关项目(编号:黔科合SY[2015]3014号)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343
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