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《Advances In Mechanics》 2002-02
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Zhang Tianzhong1,2 Guo Wanlin1,31 State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Structural Strength and Vibration,Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China2 Civil Engineering Insititute, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China3 Department of Aircraft Engineer  
With the necessity of developments of modern science and technology, the size ofmicrostructure tends to a molecular scale and a new discipline of so called nanotechnology hasbeen founded. Nanomechanics is one of important branches of nanotechnology.The researchemphases are mainly placed on the behavior and variation of matters in nano-scale, and the effectsof these behavior and variation on the macro-properties of matters. There exist in nano-scalematters many special effects, such as quantum effect, micro-scale effect and so on. These specialeffects would result in related special properties and behaviors of matters. At present, the mainmethods to learn the nano-scale effects are numerical simulation and experimental investigation.In the present paper, recent advances of Molecular Dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations arereviewed; the interesting problems in nanomechanics and the trends of the numerical methods ofnanomechanics are discussed. Based on quantum mechanics, with hybridizing muti-discipline andconsidering the hierarchy of matters one may find a feasible way to develop some research methodsof nanomechanics.