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《Scientia Silvae Sinicae》 1993-04
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A STUDY ON TECHNIQUES FOR FLOWER AND FRUIT PROTECTION OF CATHAY HICKORY

Li Zhangju Qian Lianfang(Zhejiang Forestrg College, Linan 311300) Qian Yaolin(Linan Scientific Commission of Zhejiang Province, Linan 311300)  
Cathay hickory has more flowers, but less fruit, a lower fruit set percentage, which is one of the problems in its production. Its female flowers have a long flowering period and a habit of waiting for pollination. A 4-year trialshows that its fruit set percentage might be increased by 40% or so by assist-ant pollination. With exroot nutrition, applying 0.3%B+0.3% urea and 0.3%B+0.3% P or K the fruit set percentage could be increased on an average by32.4% and 31.3% respectively compared with the contral. Chemicals and ex-ogenous hormones which have remarkable and stable effect on fruit setpercentage during the flowering period are 0.02% CuSO_4 sprayed and 0.1-0.2% CuSO_4 brushed on the trunk, which increase the fruit set percentage by30.1-126.8% and 24.2-26.2% respectively compared with the control. Spra-ying 0.01-1.00ppm TRIA during the flowering and young fruit period andbrushing 10ppm TRIA on the trunk, the fruit set percentage could be increa-sed by 8.7-16. 3% and 50% or so respectively. Brushin 5ppm NAA on the trunk and spraying 40ppm IAA during the flowering period could increase the fruit set percentage by 34. 8% and 42.2% respectively. The fruit sets of suchtrees which are in poor physiological status, could be increased by some agri-cultural measures, such as root-breaking, bark-cutting, girdling and stickingthe bark reversely, and so on, in an average of 29.4%, 32.1% and 36.7%respectively.
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