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《Scientia Silvae Sinicae》 2008-07
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Investigation on Eucalypt Forest Plantations Subjected to the Freezing Catastrophe in Southern China

Xu Jianmin1 Li Guangyou1 Lu Zhaohua1 Xiang Dongyun2 Zeng Bingshan1 Zhang Ningnan1 Guo Hongying3(1.Research Institute of Tropical Forestry,CAF Guangzhou 510520; 2.Guangxi Academy of Forestry Nanning 530001; 3.Sichuan Academy of Forestry Chengdu 610081)  
Eucalypt forest plantations were seriously subjected to a great catastrophe which was caused by heavy snow and freezing rain over eight provinces in southern China in early 2008. Afterwards,surveys were carried out to examine the severity of damage to eucalypt forest plantations and the tolerance of different species to the extreme low temperatures. It was found that the freezing disaster mainly happened to eucalypt plantations which were located in geographic areas with latitudes between 24°15′ to 26°54′ N and longitudes 104° to 118° E,and altitude from 300 to 600 m. however,the plantations were established in southern Hunan and Jiangxi and,those in northern Guangxi and Guangdong provinces,most seriously damaged. Individual trees in the plantations were mostly bent towards the ground or broken up by heavily accumulated snow or ice,the bark burst open and shots with foliage froze. Variation was also found in the ability tolerant to low temperature between different genotypes,for example,clone DH201-2 of hybrid Eucalyptus grandis×E. camaldulensis was much less tolerant than clone DH32-29 of E. urophylla×E. grandis and GL9,a clone of E. grandis×E. urophylla,and E. dunnii and E. grandis were more cold tolerant as well.A caution was made that extreme temperature be carefully taken into consideration of strategy for developing eucalypt plantations in the future and potential risks exist in northward extension of planting areas.
【Fund】: 国家十一五科技支持专题“高产优质桉树速生材树种新品种选育”(2006BAD01A15-4);; “桉树速生丰产林长期生产力维持与持续经营技术研究”(2006BAD24B0203);; 林业公益性行业科研专项“亚热带桉树抗寒新品系选育”
【CateGory Index】: S792.39
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