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《Scientia Silvae Sinicae》 2009-05
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Analyses of Gas Emission in Ground Covers Combustion of Main Forest Fuel Types in Xiaoxing'an Mountain

Hu Haiqing Wang Guangyu Sun Long(School of Forestry,Northeast Forestry University Harbin 150040)  
The release amounts and emission factors of CO2,CO,CxHy,SO2 and NO from the combustion of fifteen types of fuels in un-decomposed layer and semi-decomposed layer in Xiaoxing'an Mountain were determined by using the gas analysis system. We also analyzed the differences in the release amounts of fifteen types of fuels and the correlation of five gases from the combustion. The results showed that the factors of the five emitted gasses from fifteen types of fuels were respectively 3.16,0.31,0.007 0,0.005 4,0.019 0. The total content of the five gases was 1 330.56 mg·g-1 ,the total content of carbon-containing gases was 1 321.245 mg·g-1 ,the release content of CO 2 was 1 200.56 mg·g-1. All the values emitted from the semi-decomposed layer were larger than that of un-decomposed layer. The released content of CO,CxHy,NO and SO 2 was respectively 118.02,2.66,2.06 and 8.21 mg·g-1. All the values from the semi-decomposed layer were lower than that of the un-decomposed layer. There were significant correlations with each other among the release contents of CO2,CO,CxHy,and SO2(P0.001),but the release of NO was not significantly related with the release content of CO2,CO,CxHy and SO2 (P0.05). This research result would provide some scientific basis for evaluating the effect of forest fires on the atmospheric environment and forest ground covers management.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30471404);; 黑龙江省博士后基金(LBH-Z07251);; 黑龙江省青年科学技术专项资金项目(QC07C61);; 国家林业科技支撑计划(2006BAD03A0805);; 黑龙江省科技计划(GB05B602)资助
【CateGory Index】: S762
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