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《Scientia Silvae Sinicae》 2011-03
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Litter Mass of Five Karst Forests and Their Hydrological Effects in Guizhou

Liu Yuguo1,2 Liu Changcheng1,2 Li Guoqing1,2 Wei Yafen1,2 Liu Yonggang3 Guo Ke1 (1.State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change,Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100093;2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100049;3.Botanical Garden,Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100093)  
Litter mass and the distribution pattern in 4 different microhabitats under 5 kinds of Karst forest vegetables (Lithocarpus confines + Itea yunnanesis,P1;Platycarya longipes + Itea yunnanesis,P2;Platycarya longipes + Quercus aliena,P3;Platycarya longipes + Rosa cymosa,P4;Platycarya longipes + Rhamnus hetrophylla,P5) in Puding,Guizhou,were investigated and calculated.Hydrological characteristics of the litter,such as the maximum water storage capacity,water absorption speed curve and the abilities of restraining soil water vaporization were studied.The result showed that the thickness of litter was between 2.7-13.7 cm on the forest floor,while the litter mass was between 4.9-9.1 t·hm-2 .The maximum water storage capacity ranged from 1.608 to 3.445 kg·kg-1 ,with P5 P4,P3 P2 P1.The relationship between the water absorption speed of litter and immerse time was fitted to equation of V = at-b.The soil evaporation speed was evidently reduced by the coverage of litter.The thicker the litter as,the lower the speed was.The abilities of restraining soil evaporation by litter under 5 different forests were significantly different.P1 and P5 were highest,followed by P4,and then P2 and P3.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(kzcx2-yw-306);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2006CB403206)
【CateGory Index】: S715
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