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《Scientia Silvae Sinicae》 2011-12
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Effects of Mentha piperita Extracts on Activities of Several Enzymes of Tetranychus cinnabarinus

Ren Jianjun1,2 Shi Guanglu3 Gu Jicheng4 Wang Jianwen4 Wang Younian1(1.Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture of Ministry of Agriculture Beijng 102206;2.College of Forestry,Beijing Forestry University Beijing 100083;3.College of Biotechnology,Beijing University of Agriculture Beijing 102206;4.College of Plant Science and Technology,Beijing University of Agriculture Beijing 102206)  
In order to investigate the mechanism of acaricidal activity of Mentha piperita extracts against Tetranychus cinnabarinus,adult spider mites were treated with 2 mg·mL-1 eluted fraction V of M.piperita extracts in vitro,and the resulting acaricidal symptom and ultrastructure were observed.Furthermore,the enzyme activity of monoamine oxidase(MAO),glutathione-S-transferase(GSTs),acetylcholine esterase(AchE) and proteinase in the treated mites was examined.The results illustrated that the toxic symptom of the treated mites experienced four different phases,namely quiescence,activity,convulsion and death.The ultrastructural observation by the electronic microscope indicated that the control had an intact subcellular structure,while the treated mites were severely damaged and their subcellular structure was hardly identified.The enzyme activities of spider mites varied after being treated with M.piperita extracts.MAO activity was boosted up,especially at the 12th and 24th h after treatment(P0.05).The GSTs activity was intrigued after treatment and exhibited an increasing trend during 4-24 h,suggesting that the poisonous component accumulated in T.cinnabarinus and mobilized GSTs for the detoxification.Meantime,the AchE and proteinase activity were inhibited by M.piperita extracts.It suggested that the transfer of nerve impulse was possibly interdicted and the digestive system was maladjustedd.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30872029);; 北京市自然科学基金重点项目(6071001);; 北京市自然科学基金项目(6092007);; 北京市教委重点项目(KZ201010020016);; 北京市教委科研基地-科技创新平台建设项目(PXM2011_014207_000032);; 北京市教委科技成果转化与产业化(PXM2011_014207_000026);; 北京市属高校人才强教深化计划项目(PHR20090516 PHR200906134)
【CateGory Index】: S482.52
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