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《Journal of Laiyang Agricultural College》 1990-02
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GENETIC ANALYSIS OF GRAIN PROTEIN AND LYSINE CONTENT OF WINTER WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVAM L.)

Zhou Gengjian Cai Qiufang (Dept. of Agronomy, LAC)  
A set of 5×5 diallel crosses was conducted to analyses the genetic type of grain protein and lysine content. The results were as follows: The analysis of variance for the diallel table showed that gene dominance (a) and additive (b) variance were highly significant for these two characters.The highly significant b was mainly caused by the variance of asymmetry of gene distribution (b_2) and gene interaction effect of some crosses (b_3), the direct heterosis (b_1) was not significant. The maternal effects (c and d) of protein content were significant, which were in accordance with the results of combining ability that the reciprocal effects were highly significant. For lysine content, c was significant and d was not significant. The results indicated that the inheritance of these two characters was controlled by both additive and non-additive effects. The results of t~2test and analysis of variance of Wr-Vr for each block showed that there was no epistasis in the heritance of the both characters. The mean degrees of dominance (H_1/d)~(1/2) of protein and lysine content were overdominance. There were more dominant allelic genes than recessive ones in each parent. The directions of dominance were reducing the effects. The narrow sense heritabilities of protein and lysine content were 39.04% and 25.30% respectively.
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