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《林业研究(英文版)》 2009-01
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Biodiversity and biotechnological potential of mangrove-associated fungi

CHENG Zhong-shan1,PAN Jia-Hui2,TANG Wen-cheng1,CHEN Qi-jin1,LIN Yong-cheng2 1.College of Life Science,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,P.R.China 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,P.R.China  
This review describes the present hot research areas of mangrove-associated fungi,including its biodiversity,ecological roles,novel metabolites productions and biotechnological potential.Mangrove-associated fungi were divided into saprophytic,parasitic and true symbiotic fungi based on its ecological roles.Saprophytic fungi are fundamental to decomposition and energy flow of mangrove,addition-ally,their potential toxicity also exists.Pathogenic fungi have significant effects on mangrove survival,growth,and fitness.Endophytic fungi,the most prolific source of diverse bioactive compounds found among that of mangrove-associated fungi,are found in most species of mangroves.Although a significant number of reports focused on the antimicrobial,insecticidal and other bioactive metabolites as well as many novel enzymes isolated from mangrove-associated fungi,and many of those metabolites from endophytic fungi are suspected to be of significant to mangrove,only few studies have provided convincing evidence for symbiotic producers in mangrove.Hence,this paper dis-cusses the present progress of molecular methods used to correlate the ecological roles of endophytic fungi with their bioactive metabolites,meanwhile,the potential of using metabolic engineering and post-genomic approaches to isolate more novel enzymes and bioactive com-pounds and to make their possible commercial application was also discussed.
【Fund】: supported partly by the Guangzhou Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2007Z3-EO581);; the Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2007A0200300001-7; 05003268);; the Chinese High-Tech 863 Project (Grant No. 2006AA09Z422);; the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20572136)
【CateGory Index】: S718.8
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