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《Forest Resources Management》 2003-06
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Preliminary Study on the Water Holding Characteristics of the Litter and Soil of Eucommia Ulmoides Plantation under Two Types of Limestone in Karst Mountainous Areas

NIE Chaojun,PENG Zhijian(1.Guizhou Provincial Institute of Forest Inventory and Planning, Guiyang 550003, Guizhou; 2.Forest Bureau of Guanling County, Guanling 561300,Guizhou,China)  
Study has been done on the water holding characteristics of the litter and soil of Eucommia Ulmoides plantation under two types of limestone in karst mountainous areas of Guanling County. The results show that, for the litter of Eucommia Ulmoides plantation, the water absorption speed is rapid, the capillary holding capacity is great. After being dipped in water for 10 hours (when they are saturated), the water held by Eucommia Ulmoides plantation litters growing in soils originated from dolomite and marlaceous limestone are respectively (3?144.4)g.kg~(-1) and (2?830.0)g.kg~(-1), accounting for 314.4% and 283% of their own dry weight. The bulk density, maximum water holding capacity, capillary water holding capacity, and field water holding capacity of the Eucommia Ulmoides plantation soil originated from dolomite limestone are respectively 1.14g.cm~(-3), 43.66%, 29.60% and 12.70%, while those of the soil from marlaceous one are 1.27g.cm~(-3), 38.38%, 24.83% and 20.92%, respectively. Therefore, Eucommia Ulmoides is not only an excellent species of economic tree, but also a good one for soil and water conservation. As a whole, Eucommia Ulmoides plantation from dolomite limestone is superior to that from marlaceous limestone in terms of water holding capacities of litters and soils.
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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