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《Bulletin of Botanical Research》 1983-02
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A PRELIMINARY SURVEY AND COMMENTS ON FUTURE STUDIES OF CHINESE LILIACEAE

Tang Yan-cheng;Liang Song-yun Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Beijing  
Although the family Liliaceae is only represented by 54genera with about 530 indigenous species in China, it is chara-cterized mainly by, first, most species and about four fifths ofgenera distributing in temperate flora; second, core group (Li-liaceae s. str. of Dahlgren Clifford) such as Lilium, Cardiccri-num, Notholirion, Nomocharis, Fritillaria, Lloydia etc., highly dif-ferentiating; and third, the circumscription of some group,such as Gagea and Llcydia being merged in this country, thoughrather distinct from one another elsewhere. Needless to say,Chinese Liliaceae may be proved to be a fruitful group in stu-dying the origin and differentiation of East-Asian Flora. After a brief comparison of systematic positions of Chi-nese Liliaceous genera in 4 different systems (Krause 1930;Hutchinson 1934, 1973; Takhtajan 1969, 1980; Dahlgren Clifford 1982), the authors have made some suggestions onfuture studies as follows. 1. The probable heterogeneous groups, such as Aspidistreaeetc., would need more intensive monographic studies. 2. Groups, highly differentiating in China, such as Lilium,Cardiocrinum, Notholirion, Nomocharis etc, may be selected forbiosystematic studies. 3. Genera, such as Milula etc.; still uncertain of systema-tic position would need further studies. 4. Groups, such as Ypsilandra of East Asia and Helonias ofN. America, which are primitive in chatacters and disjunct indistribution, may be selected for phytogeographical studies. 5. Groups, such as Paris, Trillium, Cloriosa, Tupistra, Reine-ckea etc., which are or may be chinese medicinal herbs, maybe selected for pharmacological and phytochemical studies. 6. Undoubtedly Liliaceae s. 1. is a heterogeneous group.So relatively primitive groups, such as Helonieae, Tofieldieae etc. and groups displaying probably close relationships withother families, e. g. Petrosavia (with Triuridaceae), Hosta (withAgavaceae), Paris and Trillium (with Stemonaceae) etc., may beworth intensively studying for understanding evolutionary tren-ds in Monocotyledons.
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