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《Bulletin of Botanical Research》 1987-02
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SYSTEM AND SYNOPSIS OF CORNUS SUBGEN.SYNCARPEA(NAKAI)Q.Y.XIANG(CORNACEAE)

Xiang Qiu-yun Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Beijing  
Cornus subgen. Syncarpea (Nakai) Q. Y. Xiang as definedhere includes 4 species, 12 subspecies, 3 varieties, and is mainlydistributed in East Asia except a few subspecies extending toSouth Vietnam and Laos. The taxonomic treatment of subgen.Syncarpea is much controversial owing to the diversity of eval-uation of characters. A reasonable system reflecting the infra-subgeneric relationships is still lacking. During the researches,the present author found that the species of the subgenus havevarious habits and buds, which has not been noticed by the other authors. Proposed here is a new system which dividesthe subgenus into two sections based on leaf duration and ifthe flower bud is covered or naked. The species of sect. Syn-carpea with evergreen leaves and naked flower buds are mainlydistributed in the regions south of 30°N, and those of sect.Japonicae with deciduous leaves and covered mixed buds aremainly distributed in the regions north of 30°N (Fig. Ⅱ). Thecharacters of these two sections are undoubtedly adapted to di-fferent climates. Fourteen new combinations are made here andnine names are first reduced to be synonyms in this paper.
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