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《Bulletin of Botanical Research》 2008-06
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Micro-morphology of Leaf Epidermis of Caragana in Inner Mongolia

LI Yi-Fan1 JIANG Sha1 GU Song1 MA Cheng-Cang2 GAO Yu-Bao1(1.College of Life Science,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071)(2.Chemistry and Life Science College,Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin 300074)  
The Leaf epidermis of Caragana microphylla Lam.,C.davazamcii Sancz.and C.korshinskii Kom that growing in the Inner Mongolia steppe were observed using light microscope(LM) and scanning electron microscope(SEM).Some index that is expressible as quantity was measured by analyses system of microphotograph.The results reveal that the epidermal cells on both adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces are irregular or polygonal shapes,and their anticlinal walls are mainly straight-arched,scarcely sinuolate;The most epidermis cells are squamiform and have wax membane;Ornamentations of cuticular membrane are more striate.There are four types of stomatal aperture including anisocytic,anomocytic,paracytic and actinocytic distributed on epidermis,and the former two types are occupied mostly.Wax ornamentation has diverse patterns and covers the outer stomatal ledge(or rim).The inner margin of outer stomatal ledge(or rim) is smooth or sinuolate.These results suggested that the leaf epidermal micro-morphyological characters of C.microphylla,C.davazamcii and C.korshinskii are regulated by both the inherited and the environmental factors,most characters keep constant on genus level,whereas others which might offer the information to accessorial classification index are inconstant;The similarity of some morphological characters on ecological adaptive countermeasure were represented,whereas it is likely there is more conversant relationship between C.microphylla Lam and C.davazamcii Sancz.among the three species of Caragana.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计算项目;; 北方草原与农牧交错生态系统维持与适应性管理的科学技术(第二子课题:重要物种的综合生态适应对策2007CB106802);; 国家林业局948项目“干旱环境区土壤水热特征观测技术的引进”(2006-04-02)
【CateGory Index】: Q944
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