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《Cotton Science》 1993-01
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Genetic Analysis for Flowering and Fruiting of Different Sites on Cotton Plant

Zhu Jun Ji Daofan Xu Fuhua Zhejiang Agricultural University,Hangzhou 310029  
An additive-dominance genetic model was used for analyzing flowering and fruiting at different position of branches in Gossypium hirsutum L.The experimental data were from four-parent diallel crosses.ANOVA results showed that fixed effects and random effects were highly significant for flower percentage of single plant and boll percentage of single plant. From near stem positions(1~2),flowers(60.77%)and bolls(73.44%)contributed more than those from faraway stem positions(3~5).Of total flowers 41.83%,28.54% and 25.69% were on up sites(11~15 node),low sites(1~5 node)and middle sites(6~10 node)of plant,respectively.For bolls 38.11%,34.29% and 24.58% were on up,low and middle sites of plant,respectively.Regression equations were given for predicting flower per- centage and boll percentage by fruiting site and position.Flowering and fruiting of near stem positions were mainly controlled by dominance effects on low sites,by both additive and domi- nance effects on middle sites,and by additive effects on up sites,respectively.The broad sense heritability was very low for flowering(29.27%)and fruiting(15.03%)on faraway stem po- sitions.There were no significant dominance correlations between yield and flower percentage, boll percentage.Additive correlations,but with a little larger absolute values,were similar as phenotypic correlations.Correlation coefficients were mostly negative for inner positions on low and middle sites,but positive for inner positions on up sites.Correlations were weak for outer positions.Flowering had larger values for the narrow sense heritability and for additive correlation with yield than fruiting on each position and site.
【Fund】: 国家教委资助项目
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